Arising in the 18th century as the “Pago de los Arroyos” hamlet and honored with the designation of “Ilustre y Fiel Villa” (Noble and Pious Village) in 1823, Rosario became a city in 1852, taking its name from the Virgin of the Rosary. That was the beginning of a period of rapid growth for Rosario, which developed into the second most important city of Argentina and one of the most booming cities of South America in just a few decades.
Rosario is the largest city in the Province of Santa Fe. It is situated in the center-east of the country, on the right bank of the Paraná River, equally close to all the regions of Argentina. There are tollways that link it to Buenos Aires (300km; 186 miles), Córdoba (400 km; 249 miles) and to the city of Santa Fe (150 km; 93 miles). Rosario is a strategic point in the South American Bi-Oceanic Corridor (pathway) that extends from the Atlantic (Brazil and Uruguay) to the Pacific Ocean (Chile) and in the Paraná River Waterway, joining the vast coastal region of Argentina (Provinces of Misiones, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Chaco, Formosa and Santa Fe) and the Northern part of the country, which borders with Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil. The city is, therefore, highly important within MERCOSUR (Southern Common Market).
With a population of approximately 1,200,000, the city of Rosario is at the heart of the Metropolitan Area of Greater Rosario, which encompasses Villa Gobernador Gálvez, Pérez, Funes, Granadero Baigorria, Capitán Bermúdez, Fray Luis Beltrán, San Lorenzo and Puerto General San Martín.
It is characterized as “Humid-Pampas mild,” the hot season being from November to March and the cold one from June to the first half of August. It rains more in the summer than in the winter, the average rainfall per year ranging between 800 and 1000 mm (between 31 and 39 in).
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