“One of the dreams the realization of which is worth fighting for (…) is the dream of a more beautiful world, where there is less inequality and where discrimination by reason of race, sex and class (…) becomes shameful.
Another fundamental dream that we must incorporate into the teachings of the educating cities is the right to be different (…) and that said difference is respected.”1
This city is the space that allows us to be and exist together with others, since it is a territory that shapes the coordinating, orientating and ordering fabric for the democratization of the access to knowledge, rights, public assets, the social product, inclusion.
The new concept of citizenship addresses the subjects that desire and deserve a personal and social fulfillment, the respect for and coordination of identities, and differences as well as a concept of freedom based on participation, solidarity and creation within the framework of a collective project where the other is present and visible.
In this regard, there have been significant achievements towards equality at global level in the past years, driven mainly by social organizations that work day in day out, for the respect of every person’s rights.
In particular in Latin America, our cities pose the challenge of addressing the inequalities preventing the effective enjoyment of such rights at symbolic, cultural, material and political levels, especially for young people.
This is why local governments must coordinate the responses to the inequality challenge taking into account multiple aspects, assuming regulatory, administrative, programming issues, in particular, by recognizing on the public agenda the rights that have not been recognized so far. Therefore, an equal-opportunity city requires that citizens be placed at the core of all initiatives, as active subjects situated in their daily context, holders of rights, dreams and projects. It is a space that makes it possible for its inhabitants to be the leading actors of their life pathways, and builders of valuable knowledge. It is a fabric that enables significant learning where feelings feed actions, thoughts and reflections on the basis of a shared process of encounters and of circulation of experience and word.
Strategies and policies for equality of opportunities especially addressed to young men and women that contribute to the removal of existing obstacles hindering the full enjoyment of rights and the exercise of citizenship will be analyzed in this section.
In this sense, actions such as the democratization of the access to knowledge, wisdom, the social dimension of economy and social services, as well as the distribution of the general social product occupy a central place in the achievement of these goals.